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Transcendental Phenomenology


Transcendental Phenomenology is a system of philosophy created by Edmund Husserl, the 20th century German philosopher. Phenomenology is the a priori science of experience: It studies experience without reference to assumptions posited by experience. Phenomenology considers experience in itself and without assuming anything about the reality or unreality of the contents of experience. The experience of seeing has certain universal structures whether the seeing occurs in dream or reality. These universal structures are the subject matter of phenomenology. In this sense phenomenology is related to philosophy as mathematics is related to natural sciences. Although Emmanuel Kant started transcendental philosophy, it was Edmund Husserl who first established phenomenology and its method as a self-sufficient philosophical system that can bring to self-evidence all other inquiries.

Phenomenological truths discovered through phenomenological method have universal validity. It was in transcendental phenomenology that the constitution of human being and its place within cosmos is understood…

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